東京大学大学院 情報学環・学際情報学府 The University of Tokyo III / GSII

教員 Faculty

准教授

李 賢鮮

Associate Professor

LEE, Hyunsun

  • アジア情報社会コース

研究テーマ

区分:
学内兼担・授業担当教員
所属:
東洋文化研究所
  • ITASIA program

Research Theme

  • Migration and Welfare state
Position: 
Affiliated Faculty
略歴

2009 Oxford University, D.Phil(Ph.D). 2003 Oxford University, M.Phil(M.A.). 2001 Seoul National University, B.A. 2012-present Tokyo University, Associate Professor. 2009-2012 Tohoku Univesity, Assistant Professor. 2005-2007 Ritsumeikan Visiting Scholar.


Ever since my higher education, I have been interested in people’s values, worldviews and religious ideas, which led me to comparative studies on social values of East Asians and Western Europeans. These studies were based on my interest on how much people or groups think and behave differently when their ideas and lifestyles are developed in different cultural contexts and national boundary. However, my research interest was oriented towards another direction under the globalisation with rapidly growing intercultural contacts and changes in unprecedented sizes and speeds which was largely caused by human migrations and development of information technologies. I started to investigate what happens when various ethno-cultural groups, whose differences were the major findings of my earlier studies, start to live together in same regional boundaries, i.e. in plural societies. I try to examine how immigrants change following thier entry and settlement into the host societies, how immigrants and people of receiving societies relate to each other and what changes thier attempts to live together cause.

Like in many other areas, theories and empirical studies in migration studies were developed based on the western societies; and while the effect of Western colonialism has been emphasised in explaining the worldwide ethnic division in the modern era, the impact of Japanese colonialism in ethnic relations in East Asia has been neglected in the field. So I gave attention to the ethnic relations and human migrations in East Asia as a result of a Japanese colonialism and investigated how they are changing in recent social and global situations. Also, I examine the role of state influencing the ethnic relations in a national state; especially I pay attention to one of the modern functions of national states: the provision of social welfare. That is, I studied how changes of state’s welfare policies bring intended and unintended consequences to immigrants inside the societies.

My special focus has been made on the zainichi Koreans in Japan. The old-comer zainichi community has a history of a long-residency up to several generations which can be even comparable to the residency of European immigrants to the North American in the early twentieth-century. This community is the most diverse and heterogeneous group among all the immigrant groups in Japan due to its large generational gaps following the long residency and diverse political allegiances mirroring the situations of its home-countries. I looked at how groups of this community adapt themselves to the new state policies and newly emerging. social needs in the era of ultra-ageing, migrations and globalisation. And recently such research interest is also extended to the adaptation of new-comer groups like Nikkeijin in Japan and Chosunjok in Korea. Under the current global tendencies, I expect that migration studies will have much greater importance in East Asian societies from now on.